Two Years In, Iran Nuclear Deal Needs a Healthy Dose of Transparency

The Hill
July 14, 2017

Publication Type: 

  • Articles and Reports

Weapon Program: 

  • Nuclear

Author: 

Valerie Lincy

The nuclear agreement with Iran—the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action—turns two today. On July 14, 2015, following months of negotiation, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry stood alongside foreign ministers from the six other parties to the agreement, including Iran, and claimed success. He said that with the agreement, the parties "have taken a measurable step away from the prospect of nuclear proliferation, towards transparency and cooperation."

However, two years later, the results are mixed. Iran is largely adhering to the broad nuclear restrictions required by the JCPOA, but is pressing against and in some cases overstepping these limits. Meanwhile, the promised transparency has not materialized.

As a result, it is difficult to assess Iran’s compliance with the deal’s terms. The Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 (INARA) offers a good opportunity for more public transparency.  INARA requires the administration to provide semi-annual reports to Congress on Iran’s compliance with the agreement and on a range of other issues of concern regardingIran, including money-laundering, support for terrorism, ballistic missile advances, and human rights violations.

In an op-ed in The Hill today, the Wisconsin Project argues that these reports should be made public, to allow for an impartial evaluation of the agreement and a more informed and open debate about the merits and risks of the deal.