Iranian Entity: Shahid Hemat Industrial Group (SHIG)
|Shahid Hemat Industrial Group (SHIG)|
|Also Known As:|
|Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group (SHIG)
Chahid Hemmat Industrial Group
Hemmat Missile Industries Factory
Shahid Hemmat Industrial Complex
Shahid Hemmat Industrial Factories
|Damavand Road 2, Abali Road, Tehran
Damavand Tehran Highway, Tehran, Iran
A subordinate of Iran's Aerospace Industries Organization (AIO); responsible for Iran's liquid-fuelled ballistic missile programs, including the medium-range Shahab-3, which is based on North Korea's No Dong missile; sanctioned by the United States on September 26, 2007, under Executive Order 12938 for engaging in proliferation activities, imposing the following restrictions: no U.S. government procurement from or assistance to, and no imports into the United States from, the entity or its subunits and successors for two years; on July 12, 2007, added to the U.S. "Entity List" of end users whose activities impose "a risk of diverting exported and re-exported items into programs related to weapons of mass destruction," or that have been sanctioned by the U.S. State Department; listed by the British government in 2007 as an entity of potential concern for WMD-related procurement; listed by the Japanese government in 2007 as an entity of concern for proliferation related to missiles.
Listed in an annex to U.N. Security Council Resolution 1737 of December 23, 2006, as an entity involved in Iran's ballistic missile program; with some exceptions, the designation requires states to freeze financial assets on their territories which are owned or controlled by the entity, by its agents, or by entities it owns or controls; the designation also requires states to ensure that any funds, financial assets or economic resources are prevented from being made available by their nationals or by any persons or entities within their territories, to or for the benefit of the entity; listed by the European Union on April 19, 2007, pursuant to U.N. Security Council Resolution 1737, as an entity whose funds and economic resources, and those it owns, holds or controls, must be frozen by E.U. member states, with some exceptions, and within their jurisdiction; E.U. member states must also ensure that funds or economic resources are not made available to or for the benefit of the listed entity.
Listed in U.S. Executive Order 13382 of June 28, 2005, which targets proliferators of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their delivery systems, freezing its assets under U.S. jurisdiction, and prohibiting transactions with U.S. parties; added on June 29, 2005, to the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons list maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets Control, U.S. Department of the Treasury; listed as an entity of concern for military procurement activities in an early warning document distributed by the German government to industry in July 2005; the German government urged caution when initiating commercial dealings with this entity, and suggested that all purchases by this entity must be assumed to serve military aims unless the contrary can be shown by specific and verifiable means.
Sanctioned by the U.S. Department of State on May 9, 2003, for engaging in missile technology proliferation activities, reportedly involving the procurement of ballistic missile technology from the North China Industries Group (NORINCO); accused of importing fuel and materials for the construction of medium-range missiles; sanctioned by the U.S. Department of State on November 17, 2000, for missile proliferation activities; sanctioned by the U.S. Department of State on April 6, 2000, for engaging in missile technology proliferation activities, allegedly involving the transfer of Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) Annex Category I item(s) with North Korea; identified by the British government in February 1998 as having procured goods and/or technology for weapons of mass destruction programs, in "addition to doing non-proliferation related business;" reportedly contracted with Russia's Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute (TsAGI) in 1996 for the construction of a wind tunnel for missile design, the manufacture of model missiles and the creation of related computer software; reportedly collaborated with Russia's Inor to procure materials used in developing missiles, including high-technology laser equipment, special mirrors, maraging steel and tungsten-coated graphite material.
Receives financial services, including financing and transaction processing, from Bank Sepah; in 2005, used the Mizan Machine Manufacturing Group to help procure calibration equipment that could be used to improve ballistic missile accuracy; as of March 2007, headed by Naser Maleki, a Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics official overseeing work on the Shahab-3.
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