News Briefs

August 2, 2018
The United Kingdom’s HM Revenue and Customs has opened an investigation after the UK’s Border Force thwarted a suspected attempt to send missile warhead components to Iran via Heathrow airport. While inspecting freight departing from the airport, authorities identified at least two “O rings,” which are pieces of rubber that can be used to form seals in rockets. The parts were supposedly destined for use at an Iranian oil refinery; however, Border Force authorities suspected that they were actually intended for use in missiles. 
-- MSN News
July 18, 2018
Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Ali Akbar Salehi announced that Iran has constructed a factory capable of producing rotors for up to 60 IR-6 centrifuges per day. The new factory, Salehi added, did not violate the Iran nuclear accord. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) confirmed that it was aware of the announcement. Salehi also recently said that Iran had accumulated a stockpile of up to 950 tons of uranium -- 550 tons of which were imported before the nuclear agreement was finalized. Salehi did not clarify where the additional 400 tons of uranium originated.
-- Reuters
July 18, 2018
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has inspected two Iranian universities with the approval of the Supreme National Security Council. Iranian state media reported that the IAEA had already visited the Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST) in Tehran and Sharif University of Technology. The IAEA reportedly requested a visit to Shahid Beheshti University, but the request was denied. 
-- Mehr News Agency
June 27, 2018
Iran’s Atomic Energy Agency (AEOI) said that Iran has re-opened a uranium hexafluoride (UF6) plant in preparation to boost enrichment should the nuclear accord collapse. The plant, which has been idle for nine years, is part of the uranium conversion facility at Isfahan. A barrel of yellowcake has been delivered to the plant. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said earlier this month that it had been notified by the AEOI of its “tentative” plans to resume UF6 production. 
-- Reuters
June 22, 2018
China-based telecommunications firm ZTE has paid a $1 billion fine to the United States as part of a deal to end an export ban enacted in April in response to ZTE's violations of a 2017 agreement, in which the company admitted to evading sanctions on Iran and North Korea.  ZTE will also put $400 million in an escrow account, which will serve as an incentive to comply with U.S. trade rules going forward, according to a Commerce Department official.  The payment comes after lawmakers in Congress attempted to block the administration from lifting the ban on ZTE, citing national security concerns. 
-- CNN
June 21, 2018
A newly unsealed federal indictment charges Iranian businessman Saeed Valadbaigi of plotting to send export-controlled items to Iran. In 2011, Valadbaigi schemed to bypass U.S. controls by shipping from Illinois to Iran, via Belgium and Malaysia, U.S.-origin 7075 T6 aluminum tubing--which has missile and aerospace applications and is controlled for nuclear nonproliferation purposes. In addition, in 2009, Valadbaigi exported titanium sheets from Illinois to Iran via Georgia, the United Arab Emirates, and Malaysia using companies in these countries under his control. Valadbaigi also allegedly ordered acrylic sheets from a Connecticut-based company in 2012 and transshipped them to Iran, while claiming Hong Kong as the end destination. A warrant was issued for his arrest in 2016; Valadbaigi remains at large. 
-- U.S. Department of Justice Press Release
June 5, 2018
A report by the U.N. Secretary General on the implementation of Security Council resolution 2231 found that the debris from five ballistic missiles launched by Yemen’s Houthis into Saudi Arabia shares characteristics with an Iranian missile and contain components made in Iran. However, the United Nations could not determine if Iran transferred the parts before or after January 2016, when the resolution came into force. In addition, the U.N. reported claims by two countries that Iran received dual-use items in violation of the resolution and noted that Ukraine had prevented two Iranians from procuring and transferring to Iran components of a Kh-31 air-to-surface missile and related technical documents. 
-- Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty
June 1, 2018
According to a report by the intelligence agency for the southwestern German state of Baden-Wurttemberg, Iran continues to seek goods and know-how from the state for the development of weapons of mass destruction and missile delivery systems. The report indicates that Iran is seeking German software, vacuum and control engineering technologies, measurement devices, and electrical equipment with missile applications. The report concludes that Iran "has continued unchanged the pursuit of its ambitious program to acquire technology for its rocket and missile delivery program." 
-- Fox News
May 30, 2018
A senior adviser to Iran’s Supreme Leader, Ali Akbar Velayati, proposed new measures to “revive” Iran’s nuclear capabilities following the U.S. withdrawal from the nuclear accord. Velayati suggested that Iran focus on uranium hexafluoride (UF6)-related facilities, and echoed the Supreme Leader’s call for Iran to bolster its uranium enrichment capacity to 190,000 SWUs. In addition, he proposed additional research and development on the IR-6 and IR-8 centrifuges, the production of carbon fiber needed to make these new generation centrifuges, stable isotope production, and accelerated work on nuclear propulsion systems. 
-- Tasnim News Agency
May 24, 2018
The U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) designated nine entities for their roles in procuring export-controlled, U.S.-origin goods for sanctioned Iranian airlines, including Mahan Air, Caspian Air, Meraj Air, and Pouya Air. OFAC also designated Turkish citizen Gulnihal Yegane and Istanbul-based businesses, Trigron Lojistik, RA Havacilik, and 3G Lojistik, for enabling Mahan Air to procure aviation goods and services. Iran-based Blue Airways, a Mahan Air front company, and Turkey-based Otik Aviation were designated for providing material support to Mahan Air. Iranians Iraj Ronaghi and Touraj Zanganeh were designated for acting on behalf of designated Iranian airline Meraj Air. Dena Airways was additionally designated for its links to Ronaghi and Zanganeh, and for acting on behalf of Meraj Air. OFAC also identified 31 aircrafts in which these sanctioned Iranian airlines have an interest.
-- U.S. Department of the Treasury Press Release