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  1. Leveling the Field: Iran’s Asymmetric Use of Conventional Military Capabilities

    Iran views its external security as reliant on its ability to exert influence in the Middle East. Owing to Tehran’s relative diplomatic and economic isolation, military power is the main tool available to Iran’s leaders for attaining this objective. To be ...

  2. Explainer: Iran’s Centrifuges

    This article was first published in The Iran Primer. It is based on an Iran Watch report, Beyond the IR-1: Iran’s Advanced Centrifuges and their Lasting Implications. ...

  3. Beyond the IR-1: Iran’s Advanced Centrifuges and their Lasting Implications

    As a result of illicit imports and domestic development since the late 1980s, Iran now possesses thousands of gas centrifuges, which are the mainstay of its nuclear program. These rapidly spinning machines enable Iran to enrich uranium to a level suitable ...

  4. Secondary Sanctions on the Iranian Financial Sector Create De Facto Embargo with Lasting Implications for the Biden Administration

    On October 8, 2020, the United States designated Iran’s financial sector and sanctioned eighteen Iranian banks. In doing so, the U.S. Treasury Department applied secondary sanctions to Iran's entire financial sector for the first time, potentially ba ...

  5. Iran's Nuclear Timetable: The Weapon Potential

    Iran has installed several cascades of more powerful centrifuge models in production lines, where they have steadily increased both the size and enrichment level of Iran's uranium stockpile. This progress increases the risk of secret sites – permitti ...

  6. Major Turkish Bank Prosecuted in Unprecedented Iran Sanctions Evasion Case

    The indictment of Turkish state-owned Halkbank, unsealed late last year, is the first against a major bank for sanctions violations brought by the United States. The case sheds light on how, in the midst of negotiations on its nuclear program, Iran relied ...

  7. The JCPOA Dispute Mechanism: Resolving Noncompliance or Stalling for Time?

    The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran entered a new phase last month when the European parties to the agreement triggered its dispute resolution mechanism. The move comes months after Iran began taking steps that violate the JCPOA' ...

  8. Time is Running Out to Reign in Iran's Arms Transfers and Missile Development

    September 25, 2019 Articles and Reports Missile Military The attacks earlier this month on critical oil facilities in Saudi Arabia have sharpened the focus on the ways in which Iran is using its missile capabilities to destabilize the Middle East, includi ...

  9. The Step-by-Step Unravelling of the Iran Nuclear Deal

    July 25, 2019 Articles and Reports Nuclear Tension between Iran and the West has increased over the past year since the United States withdrew from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and launched a "maximum pressure" campaign aimed a ...

  10. The End of a Deal? Trump Announces U.S. Withdrawal from Iran Nuclear Accord

    On May 8, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from the Iran nuclear accord, known formally as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The move comes over two years after the accord's implementation and f ...

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