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  1. Iran's Compliance with UNSCR 2231: Alleged Violations Must Be Addressed

    UNSCR 2231 implements the 2015 nuclear agreement with Iran and imposes missile- and arms-related restrictions. Little-noticed biannual reporting by the UN Secretary General alleges that Iran is repeatedly violating these non-nuclear provisions. More must b ...

  2. Leveling the Field: Iran’s Asymmetric Use of Conventional Military Capabilities

    Iran views its external security as reliant on its ability to exert influence in the Middle East. Owing to Tehran’s relative diplomatic and economic isolation, military power is the main tool available to Iran’s leaders for attaining this objective. To be ...

  3. Secondary Sanctions on the Iranian Financial Sector Create De Facto Embargo with Lasting Implications for the Biden Administration

    On October 8, 2020, the United States designated Iran’s financial sector and sanctioned eighteen Iranian banks. In doing so, the U.S. Treasury Department applied secondary sanctions to Iran's entire financial sector for the first time, potentially ba ...

  4. Smooth Sailing for Iran's Blacklisted Fleet

    In September 2008, the United States blacklisted Iran's state shipping company and its fleet of 123 vessels because of the company's role in supplying Iran's weapon programs. Soon after, in an effort to evade this sanction, the company bega ...

  5. Time is Running Out to Reign in Iran's Arms Transfers and Missile Development

    September 25, 2019 Articles and Reports Missile Military The attacks earlier this month on critical oil facilities in Saudi Arabia have sharpened the focus on the ways in which Iran is using its missile capabilities to destabilize the Middle East, includi ...

  6. Troubled Waters: An Update on Iran's Sanctioned State Shipping Line

    Nearly four years after the United States first sanctioned the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines (IRISL) and its fleet, the company appears to be struggling to stay afloat. IRISL has been scrambling in recent months, setting up new front companies, ...