Fuel Manufacturing Plant

Also Known As: 


Weapon Program: 

  • Nuclear


Esfahan, Iran

Located at the Esfahan Nuclear Technology Centre (ENTC); expected to process natural and enriched (5% U-235) UO2 from Iran's Uranium Conversion Facility (UCF) into fuel for a research reactor and power reactors; in May 2003, Iran informed the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) of its plan to commence construction of FMP in 2003, with commission scheduled for 2007; in November 2003, Iran provided to the IAEA preliminary design information indicating a plant capacity of 30 t UO2 per year; in August 2004, Iran submitted updated design information which reflected an increase in plant capacity to 40 t UO2 (with a maximum enrichment of 5%) per year, with the declared purpose of accommodating the fuel needs of the Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP) and the 40 MW pressurized heavy water research reactor (IR-40); construction began in 2004; the IAEA conducted a design information verification (DIV) in July 2006; in April 2007, Iran informed the IAEA that the plant would soon receive natural uranium oxide powder in preparation for "preliminary process tests"; in August 2008, the IAEA conducted a physical inventory verification (PIV), the results of which were consistent with the declaration made by Iran; the IAEA carried out an inspection in October 2008; during an IAEA inspection in February 2009, it was noted that the process line for the production of natural uranium pellets for the heavy water reactor fuel had been completed and fuel rods were being produced; reportedly inaugurated on April 9, 2009.

Mentioned Suspect Entities & Suppliers: 

Date Entered: 

May 12, 2009

Date Last Modified: 

May 12, 2009