Our Publications

Articles and Reports
October 4, 2021
Iran has installed several cascades of more powerful centrifuge models in production lines, where they have steadily increased both the size and enrichment level of Iran's uranium stockpile. This progress increases the risk of secret sites – permitting them to be smaller and easier to hide. Iran has used such sites to carry out illicit activity in...
Articles and Reports
May 27, 2021
The new U.S. administration is seeking to reenter the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the nuclear agreement reached in 2015 with Iran and six other parties. This effort has been complicated by the previous administration's "maximum pressure" policy, which sought to squeeze Iran with sanctions.
Articles and Reports
January 27, 2021
On October 8, 2020, the United States designated Iran’s financial sector and sanctioned eighteen Iranian banks. In doing so, the U.S. Treasury Department applied secondary sanctions to Iran's entire financial sector for the first time, potentially barring foreign entities from the U.S. financial system.
Articles and Reports
March 31, 2020
The indictment of Turkish state-owned Halkbank, unsealed late last year, is the first against a major bank for sanctions violations brought by the United States. The case sheds light on how, in the midst of negotiations on its nuclear program, Iran relied on this bank to launder money in order to relieve the economic pressure of international...
Articles and Reports
February 27, 2020
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran entered a new phase last month when the European parties to the agreement triggered its dispute resolution mechanism. The move comes months after Iran began taking steps that violate the JCPOA's nuclear restrictions.
Articles and Reports
September 25, 2019
The attacks earlier this month on critical oil facilities in Saudi Arabia have sharpened the focus on the ways in which Iran is using its missile capabilities to destabilize the Middle East, including through activities that violate U.N. Security Council resolutions.
Articles and Reports
July 25, 2019
Tension between Iran and the West has increased over the past year since the United States withdrew from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and launched a "maximum pressure" campaign aimed at compelling Iran to negotiate a more comprehensive agreement. This tension has thrown the future of the JCPOA into doubt. Key developments since...
Articles and Reports
May 9, 2018
On May 8, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from the Iran nuclear accord, known formally as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The move comes over two years after the accord's implementation and follows a months-long campaign in favor of and against the accord by a number of U.S. allies.
Articles and Reports
January 25, 2018
The ongoing effort by the United States to identify and designate companies and individuals supporting Iran's missile program stands in contrast to the European Union, which has not sanctioned any Iran-related entities of proliferation concern since the agreement's implementation.
Articles and Reports
August 14, 2017
UNSCR 2231 implements the 2015 nuclear agreement with Iran and imposes missile- and arms-related restrictions. Little-noticed biannual reporting by the UN Secretary General alleges that Iran is repeatedly violating these non-nuclear provisions. More must be done to investigate allegations of noncompliance and to punish violations of the resolution.

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