Articles and Reports

Articles and Reports
May 1, 2012
The pace and severity of economic sanctions against Iran has increased in recent weeks, with the United States and its allies targeting Iran's primary source of revenue: crude oil sales. As a result of measures adopted in the past month, Europe and some Asian countries are expected to reduce or end oil imports from Iran by July. For countries and...
Articles and Reports
August 1, 2011
Iran has just announced plans to triple its production of uranium enriched to the level used in research reactors. This step may seem merely technical to the average person, but it has vast implications. Once accomplished, this feat will elevate Iran to a "virtual" nuclear weapon state. Enriching to the level planned accomplishes 90 percent of the...
Articles and Reports
October 29, 2010
The U.S. Treasury Department this week extended sanctions against Iran's national shipping company, the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines (IRISL) - blacklisting 37 front companies and five individuals that have helped IRISL evade U.S. sanctions. Iran uses IRISL and its affiliates "to advance its illicit weapons of mass destruction program...
Articles and Reports, Wisconsin Project Investigations
April 9, 2010
In September 2008, the United States blacklisted Iran's state shipping company and its fleet of 123 vessels because of the company's role in supplying Iran's weapon programs. Soon after, in an effort to evade this sanction, the company began a large-scale re-labeling of its ships, giving them new names, new managers, new "owners" - in short, new...
Articles and Reports
February 25, 2010
Earlier this month, Iran began to enrich uranium to 19.75 percent, a fateful step that will bring Iran far closer to being able to fuel a nuclear weapon.(a) Iran justified this action by claiming that the enrichment was necessary to produce fuel for its Tehran research reactor (TRR),(b) which is expected to run out of fuel in a year or two....
Articles and Reports, Wisconsin Project Investigations
December 15, 2009
As the United States tries to muster support for stronger international sanctions against Iran, there is mounting evidence that the United States itself is not devoting the resources needed to enforce its own sanctions - notably against companies arming Iran. Tough laws have been enacted to punish such companies, but these laws are not being...
Articles and Reports
September 30, 2009
The disclosure of Iran's secret nuclear plant has changed the way the West must negotiate with Tehran. While worrisome enough on its own, the plant at Qum may well be the first peek at something far worse: a planned, or even partly completed, hidden nuclear archipelago stretching across the country. The Qum plant doesn't make much sense as a stand...
Articles and Reports
September 30, 2009
Iran has been building a secret uranium enrichment plant that, according to the United States, would house 3,000 centrifuges and be capable of enriching enough uranium for one or two bombs per year. Yet, at their present rate of production, 3,000 of Iran's existing IR-1 centrifuges would take two years to fuel a bomb and ten years to produce the...
Articles and Reports
September 25, 2009
Today's revelation that Iran has been building -- in secret -- a uranium enrichment plant should dispel any doubts about the true nature of Iran's nuclear program. Why would Iran hide such a site -- capable of fueling weapons as well as reactors -- if it is merely civilian in nature? If the United States and its partners fail to win an immediate...
Articles and Reports
July 9, 2009
According to a recent article in a Brazilian news magazine (ISTOE), Brazil and Iran are seeking to deepen financial cooperation and trade ties, including in ways that could mask Iran's involvement and help it circumvent sanctions. The final agreement, drafted in late March, was supposed to have been signed in May, according to ISTOE, during a...

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