Our Publications

Policy Briefs
May 29, 2020
On May 27, the United States sanctioned two of Iran’s senior nuclear officials for their role in the country’s current uranium enrichment program. This move follows a similar one in March, when the United States sanctioned several Iranian scientists connected to elite academic institutions. Both actions reflect an underused front in the U.S....
Policy Briefs
April 3, 2020
On May 8, 2018, President Donald J. Trump announced the U.S. withdrawal from the nuclear agreement. Effective immediately, U.S. nuclear sanctions on Iran were reinstated and the President warned that "any nation that helps Iran in its quest for nuclear weapons could also be strongly sanctioned by the United States."
Policy Briefs
January 31, 2020
On January 10, 2020, the U.S. announced a new executive order and other measures to restrict foreign trade with Iran’s metals, mining, manufacturing, construction, and textiles sectors. These actions, which included designations of foreign firms, put pressure on countries that still have some economic relations with Iran.
Policy Briefs
August 29, 2019
U.N. Security Council resolution 2231 established a procurement channel for nuclear-related transfers to Iran. Despite its withdrawal from the JCPOA, the U.S. continues to highlight Iranian violations and to influence nuclear-related trade with Iran, complicating international efforts to manage procurement.
Policy Briefs
May 10, 2019
The latest chapter in the Trump administration's maximum pressure campaign against Iran was announced on May 8, on the one-year anniversary of the U.S. withdrawal from the nuclear agreement, or Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
Policy Briefs
February 27, 2019
At its plenary meeting in Paris last week, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) renewed its call for enhanced due diligence when dealing with Iran, but continued to suspend more severe restrictions, or "countermeasures," against Iran for its strategic anti-money laundering and combatting the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) deficiencies.
Policy Briefs
October 22, 2018
Iran was once again on the agenda at a plenary meeting of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) last week in Paris. The body decided not to re-impose the severe restrictions on financial dealings with Iran that were suspended in 2016, despite U.S. efforts to build a case for such action in the weeks leading up to the meeting.
Policy Briefs
July 12, 2018
On June 21, 2018, the United Nations released the fifth report by the Secretary General on the implementation of U.N. Security Council resolution 2231. The report notes for the first time that Iran may be receiving nuclear technology outside of the licit "procurement channel" established by the JCPOA and overseen by the Security Council.
Policy Briefs
May 18, 2018
The plight of Chinese telecom giant ZTE may have eased this week, as U.S. and Chinese officials met for high-level trade talks. On April 15, the U.S. Commerce Department's Bureau of Industry and Security reactivated trade restrictions and re-imposed a $300 million fine against ZTE – barring the company from procuring critical U.S. components.
Policy Briefs
May 4, 2018
In a live television presentation on April 30, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu unveiled information about Iran's nuclear weapons program that had been seized by Israeli agents in a January raid on a storage building in Tehran’s Shorabad District. The information, which the Prime Minister called "a secret atomic archive," is comprised of...

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