November 25, 2013
Reactions to the recently-announced interim nuclear deal between Iran and the P5+1 have ranged across the spectrum, from cautious but hopeful optimism to skepticism and condemnation. The agreement calls for a six-month freeze of Iran’s uranium enrichment above the 5% level, dilution of Tehran’s existing stocks of 20% enriched uranium, and enhanced...
November 13, 2013
The second round of serious negotiations on the nuclear issue between Tehran and the West since the surprise election of President Rouhani last summer ended without a deal. Iran and the P5+1 states left Geneva empty-handed yet seemingly closer to a nuclear accord that at any time in the last decade.
August 9, 2013
On June 14, 2013, Hassan Rouhani won Iran’s presidential election; he was sworn in on August 4. Rouhani has been described as a relative moderate among the candidates competing for the presidency. His victory was greeted with caution by the United States and its partners. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said that the United States is "ready...
November 8, 2011
On November 8, 2011, the International Atomic Energy Agency reported that Iran has covertly engaged in activities that suggest it is trying to build a nuclear weapon, and that some of these activities may be ongoing. According to the report, Iran has had an undeclared program to produce nuclear material, and has undertaken procurement, production...
May 17, 2010
On May 17, 2010, Iran, Turkey and Brazil signed a joint declaration agreeing to a nuclear fuel swap that was first proposed to Iran by France, Russia and the United States last fall. Under the new agreement, Iran would export 1,200 kg of its low enriched uranium (LEU) stockpile to Turkey within one month. Iran would then receive 120 kg of uranium...
February 7, 2010
On February 7, 2010, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announced that Iran would begin producing up to twenty percent enriched uranium in order to fuel its Tehran Research Reactor (TRR). The next day, Iran told the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) that this work was planned for the Pilot Fuel Enrichment Plant (PFEP) at Natanz and that...
September 25, 2009
On September 25, 2009, the United States, the United Kingdom, and France revealed that Iran had been building a clandestine uranium enrichment plant, and called for an immediate inspection of the site by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Agency inspectors visited the plant one month later, and their preliminary findings were reported...
February 2, 2009
On February 2, Iran joined the exclusive club of countries that have succeeded in placing a satellite in orbit. Iran launched its Omid satellite atop a two-stage rocket, the Safir-2, from Iran's space center in the Semnan Province, southeast of Tehran. The launch has alarmed the world because the same rocket Iran used to propel its satellite could...
April 8, 2008
Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad marked Iran's national nuclear day, April 8, 2008, with an announcement that the country had started installing 6,000 additional centrifuges at the Natanz uranium enrichment complex. During a tour of the site, Ahmadinejad viewed P-1 centrifuges, of which some 3,000 machines are currently operating. View...
March 3, 2008
On March 3, 2008, the U.N. Security Council adopted a third resolution (U.N. Security Council Resolution 1803) imposing sanctions on Iran for its refusal to freeze uranium enrichment. Fourteen countries voted in favor of the resolution and one country (Indonesia) abstained. The resolution authorizes inspections of cargo to and from Iran that is...