On May 8, 2018, President Donald J. Trump announced the U.S. withdrawal from the nuclear agreement. Effective immediately, U.S. nuclear sanctions on Iran were reinstated and the President warned that "any nation that helps Iran in its quest for nuclear weapons could also be strongly sanctioned by the United States."
On July 27, the Foundation for Defense of Democracies hosted a conversation on the issue of compliance with regard to Syria and Iran, featuring remarks by Dr. Yleem D.S. Poblete, Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control, Verification and Compliance. A panel discussion followed with experts Orde Kittrie, Valerie Lincy, and Andrew J. Tabler.
On June 21, 2018, the United Nations released the fifth report by the Secretary General on the implementation of U.N. Security Council resolution 2231. The report notes for the first time that Iran may be receiving nuclear technology outside of the licit "procurement channel" established by the JCPOA and overseen by the Security Council.
International Enforcement Actions
On June 20, 2018, a federal indictment was unsealed against Saaed Valadbaigi, an Iranian businessman accused of sending U.S.-origin export controlled materials to Iran, including a high-strength aluminum alloy that can be used to make centrifuge components and materials with missile and aerospace applications.