Weapon Program Background Report

Iran's Centrifuges: Models and Status

Weapon Program Background Report

Table of Iran's Missile Arsenal

Our Publications

Weapon Program Background Report
September 29, 2022
Iran possesses thousands of gas centrifuges that are the mainstay of its nuclear program. Gas centrifuges spin uranium hexafluoride gas (UF6) to separate uranium isotopes suitable for nuclear fuel, a process known as uranium enrichment.[1] The number and capacity of these machines determine Iran’s "breakout" time: how long it would take Iran—i
Weapon Program Background Report
September 16, 2022
Iran operates dozens of facilities across the nuclear fuel cycle. This table lists Iran’s known and alleged nuclear sites and their purpose, location, and operating status.
International Enforcement Actions
August 26, 2022
In early 2022, a British Royal Navy ship intercepted small boats carrying weaponry in international waters south of Iran. The evidence strongly suggests that the weapons came from Iran, but a deeper investigation also points to companies based in several other countries that enabled Iran to acquire the components in the first place.
Weapon Program Background Report
July 27, 2022
Iran’s missile arsenal is the largest in the Middle East. This table sets forth what is publicly known, claimed, or estimated about the capabilities of Iran's missiles that are most likely to be used either as nuclear-weapon delivery vehicles or for conventional strikes against high-payoff targets, such as bases or infrastructure.

Iranian Entities

Iran-based charitable foundation controlled by Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei and responsible for overseeing the Imam Reza Shrine in Mashhad, Iran; has reportedly invested in the production of materials for use in ballistic missile propellant.
Missile, Military
An Iranian company that designs and manufactures air-breathing engines, including jet engines; lists production, testing, and reverse engineering among its services.


A China-based technology research and development company; according to the U.S. Department of Commerce, has procured goods on behalf of Rayan Roshd Afzar Company, a firm that appears on the Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) list maintained by the U.S.
A China-based manufacturer and exporter of metal powder and cemented carbide; determined by the U.S. Department of State to warrant the imposition of sanctions for supporting proliferation-related transfers to or acquisitions by Iran, Syria, or North Korea; has transferred sensitive technology and items to Iran's missile program, according to the...

Unconventional Weapon Programs

Visit program-specific pages for information about Iran's nuclear and chemical weapon-related efforts and Iran's missile program.