Weapon Program Background Report

Table of Iran's Missile Arsenal

Weapon Program Background Report

Iran Missile Milestones: 1985-2022

Weapon Program Background Report

Iran's Centrifuges: Models and Status

Our Publications

Weapon Program Background Report
July 27, 2022
Iran’s missile arsenal is the largest in the Middle East. This table sets forth what is publicly known, claimed, or estimated about the capabilities of Iran's missiles that are most likely to be used either as nuclear-weapon delivery vehicles or for conventional strikes against high-payoff targets, such as bases or infrastructure.
Articles and Reports
July 21, 2022
Iran has installed several cascades of more powerful centrifuge models in production lines, where they have steadily increased both the size and enrichment level of Iran's uranium stockpile. This progress increases the risk of secret sites – permitting them to be smaller and easier to hide. Iran has used such sites to carry out illicit activity in...
Weapon Program Background Report
June 29, 2022
Since March 2020, Iran has successfully launched two new, multi-stage space launch vehicles, announced the development of new ballistic and cruise missiles, unveiled underground missile launch facilities, and tested its missiles in a series of military exercises.
Weapon Program Background Report
June 24, 2022
Iran possesses thousands of gas centrifuges that are the mainstay of its nuclear program. Gas centrifuges spin uranium hexafluoride gas (UF6) to separate uranium isotopes suitable for nuclear fuel, a process known as uranium enrichment.[1] The number and capacity of these machines determine Iran’s "breakout" time: how long it would take Iran—i

Iranian Entities

Nuclear, Missile, Chemical, Biological, Military
A public Iranian university; faculty have conducted research relevant to nuclear weapons, missiles, and drones.
A procurement agent for Rayan Roshd Afzar Company, a firm that appears on the Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) list maintained by the U.S.


A China-based technology research and development company; according to the U.S. Department of Commerce, has procured goods on behalf of Rayan Roshd Afzar Company, a firm that appears on the Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) list maintained by the U.S.
A China-based manufacturer and exporter of metal powder and cemented carbide; determined by the U.S. Department of State to warrant the imposition of sanctions for supporting proliferation-related transfers to or acquisitions by Iran, Syria, or North Korea; has transferred sensitive technology and items to Iran's missile program, according to the...

Unconventional Weapon Programs

Visit program-specific pages for information about Iran's nuclear and chemical weapon-related efforts and Iran's missile program.