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Weapon Program Background Report
December 16, 2021
Iran possesses thousands of gas centrifuges that are the mainstay of its nuclear program. Gas centrifuges spin uranium hexafluoride gas (UF6) to separate uranium isotopes suitable for nuclear fuel, a process known as uranium enrichment.[1] The number and capacity of these machines determine Iran’s "breakout" time: how long it would take Iran—i
Articles and Reports
December 15, 2021
Iran has installed several cascades of more powerful centrifuge models in production lines, where they have steadily increased both the size and enrichment level of Iran's uranium stockpile. This progress increases the risk of secret sites – permitting them to be smaller and easier to hide. Iran has used such sites to carry out illicit activity in...
Articles and Reports
November 22, 2021
As a result of illicit imports and domestic development since the late 1980s, Iran now possesses thousands of gas centrifuges, which are the mainstay of its nuclear program. These rapidly spinning machines enable Iran to enrich uranium to a level suitable for nuclear reactor fuel, or to a higher level suitable for nuclear weapons. The number and...
Articles and Reports
November 22, 2021
This article was first published in The Iran Primer. It is based on an Iran Watch report, Beyond the IR-1: Iran’s Advanced Centrifuges and their Lasting Implications.

Iranian Entities

Military
An Iranian commercial airline; has provided assistance to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps-Qods Force (IRGC-QF) by transporting operatives, weapons, equipment, and funds to international locations in furtherance of Iranian state-sponsored terror operations, according
Missile
Director of Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group (SHIG). Added to the Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) list maintained by the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) on January 17, 2016, freezing his assets under U.S. jurisdiction and prohibiting transactions with U.S. parties, pursuant to Executive Order 13382,...

Suppliers

Missile
A North Korean missile specialist with expertise in liquid-fueled ballistic missile systems, according to a U.N. Panel of Experts report.
Missile
A North Korean missile specialist with expertise in liquid-fueled ballistic missile systems, according to a U.N. Panel of Experts report.

Unconventional Weapon Programs

Visit program-specific pages for information about Iran's nuclear and chemical weapon-related efforts and Iran's missile program.