Our Publications

Articles and Reports
April 2, 2021
With its known capacity, Iran cannot make a sudden dash to produce the fuel for a small nuclear arsenal of five implosion-type warheads – the goal Iran set for itself when it began to work on nuclear weapons decades ago. Instead, the main nuclear weapon risk in Iran is secret sites, which Iran has relied on to carry out illicit work in the past.
Weapon Program Background Report
March 31, 2021
Iran operates a number of nuclear facilities. This infrastructure includes locations where Iran mines natural uranium, plants that process uranium ore into a concentrate, and plants that convert it into uranium hexafluoride (UF6) gas. This table lists Iran’s known and alleged nuclear sites and their purpose, location, and operating status.
Interviews and Podcasts
March 30, 2021
In the third episode of the Iran Watch Listen podcast, we speak with Laura Rockwood, a former senior official at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), about the authorities that the IAEA uses to conduct nuclear inspections in Iran, as well as Iran's recent decision to reduce the Agency's level of access.
Weapon Program Background Report
February 23, 2021
Since the United States withdrew from the international agreement restricting Iran's nuclear program, Iran has taken its own steps in violation of the accord. These measures include accumulating over 300 kilograms of enriching uranium, enriching it to levels beyond 3.67 percent, and deploying advanced centrifuges at Fordow and Natanz.

Iranian Entities

A front company controlled by Iran's Organization of Defensive Innovation and Research (SPND), which has been associated with "possible military dimensions of the Iranian nuclear program," according to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
A gas centrifuge plant for the enrichment of uranium hexafluoride (UF6) developed and managed by the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI).


Involved in a conspiracy to illegally export U.S. and Canadian-origin computer numerical control (CNC) machines with nuclear applications to Iran.
Turkey-based company; supports Iran's missile program, according to the U.S. Department of State; involved in the production and trade of carbon; reportedly involved in the healthcare industry.

Unconventional Weapon Programs

Visit program-specific pages for information about Iran's nuclear and chemical weapon-related efforts and Iran's missile program.