Iran's Missile Flight Tests

July 1, 2001

Weapon Program: 

  • Missile

Author's Title: 

Ali Chaudhry


Center for Defense Information

Related Country: 

  • China
  • North Korea
  • Russia
  • Syria


Missile Description Missile's Estimated Range Estimated Development Start date Flight Test Notes
Mushak-120 / Iran-130 Modified CSS-8 surface-surface missile. Solid propellant. Payload of 500kg


1990, with Chinese assistance. Unknown. Now manufactured indigenously.
Mushak-160 / Fateh-110
0.45m diameter. Solid propellant. Surface-surface missile. 170km. 1997, Based on the Chinese DF-11A. 2 tests:
May 31, 2001.
Sept. 6, 2002.
No details were given.

Now manufactured locally.

Mushak-200 / Zelzal-2
Version of the Luna-M (NATO name FROG-7) rocket. 8.3m long rocket. Payload of 600kg.


In development. Unknown New derivative, Zelzal, was exhibited in 1999.
Shahab-1 / Scud-B Single-stage, liquid propellant. 11m long and 85-90cm diameter. Payload of 800kg. 300km Bought from Libya and Syria in 1985-86, from North Korea in 1987 and maybe also Russia. Used extensively in war with Iraq, from 1985 to 1988. Core of Iran's ballistic missile defenses. Able to manufacture most of it at home.
Shahab-2 / Scud-C
Based on the Scud-B and Chinese DF-61. Payload of 700 kilograms. Capable of carrying chemical and biological weapons. 500km.

Bought from North Korea in 1990.

Unknown. Can be assembled locally now with foreign imports.
Shahab-3 /

Derivative of the North Korean No Dong-1. Single-stage, liquid-fueled missile. 15.2m long, 1.2m diameter. Payload of 1,000km.

1,300km. First shipments from North Korea were halted due to U.S. pressure in 1993, but Iran had received at least 10 missiles by 1996. Local production began in May 2002. 8 flight tests:


July, 22 1998

September 1998

July 15, 2000

Sept. 21, 2000

May 23, 2002

July 2002

July 4, 2002

July 7, 2003.


Ground tests.

Flight test could have been a failure but not sure.

Flight test.

Successful test.

Failed test.

Successful test.

Unreported, failed.

Successful test.

Successful, declared final test.



Shahab-4 Derivative of the North Korean Nodong-2 and the Soviet SS-4. Payload of 1,000kg. 2,000km. Development began with assistance from Russia and China. Unknown. Local development was announced but suspended in November 2003.
Shahab-5 /
Variant of the North Korean the Taepo Dong 1 and Taepo Dong 2. Both are two-stage, liquid-fueled intermediate-range ballistic missiles. 3,500-5,500km. Reports from 1995 and 1996 claim that Iran has begun research and development of the missile, but are not confirmed. Unknown. Development is highly unlikely and reports are speculative.


Andrew Feickert, "Missile Survey: Ballistic and Cruise Missiles of Foreign Countries," Congressional Research Service, March 5, 2004,

Anthony H. Cordesman, "Proliferation in the "Axis of Evil": North Korea, Iran, and Iraq," Center for Strategic and International Studies, Jan. 3, 2003,

Anthony H. Cordesman, "Iran and Nuclear Weapons," Center for Strategic and International Studies, Feb. 7, 2003, "Iran Special Weapons Guide," Dec. 13, 2003,

Joseph Cirincione, Jon B. Wolfsthal, Miriam Rajkumar, "Deadly Arsenals," Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, June 2002,

Ronald H. Siegel, "The Missile Programs of North Korea, Iraq, and Iran," Institute for Defense & Disarmament Studies, September 2001,

" Unclassified Report to Congress on the Acquisition of Technology Relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction and Advanced Conventional Munitions," Central Intelligence Agency, Aug. 10, 2000. July 1-Dec. 31, 1999 Internet edition,