Larijani: I am Optimistic About Resumption of Nuclear Negotiations

October 19, 2005

Weapon Program: 

  • Nuclear

Secretary of Supreme National Security Council (SNSC) Ali Larijani said here Wednesday, "Islamic Republic of Iran is not pessimistic about resumption of nuclear negotiations with the EU3, but it does not permit the others to draw the outlines of talks and to impose it against Iran.

Reacting to optimistic comments regarding resumption of Iran's nuclear negotiations in recent days, Larijani said, "I, too, am optimistic about resuming of talks, and sincerely hope this would be the case." Talking to IRNA Wednesday evening in Pretoria, he added, "We, too, believe pursuing the process of talks is a better way for solving the problem." He meanwhile emphasized, "Negotiations need to be goal-oriented and organized within a logical framework so that the Iranian nation could after a while feel it is capable of achieving its rights through pursuing these negotiations." Larijani reiterated, "The important point for us is recognition of this natural right for Iran to take peaceful advantage of the nuclear energy, that is definitely not a right exclusively for Iran, since all IAEA member states, and counties that have signed NPT can enjoy that right.

He reiterated, "The Islamic Republic of Iran has met all its commitments toward the IAEA and quite naturally expects that the Iranian nation's right in the field of nuclear technology should be preserved." Secretary of Iran's SNSC further focussing on favorable conditions for Iran for resumption of nuclear negotiations, said, "As I earlier mentioned, negotiations need to be goal-oriented and pursued within a logical framework." He added, "Such a framework cannot be devised by others for Iran, but to be pursued within the rules and regulations that are devised for all countries, including Iran." He warned, "If a set of particular rules and regulations are to be devised for each country, the result would be emergence of as many sets of nuclear rules and regulations as the number of countries in the world, and the result would be anarchy in international legal system." Larijani said, "All countries should respect the international laws and the ups and downs observed in the course of Iran's nuclear negotiations show that this is not a field for playing tricks."

He reiterated, "Iran has paved this path frankly and its efforts are aimed at creating the favorable conditions for establishment of mutual trust in the course of the negotiations and all engaged sides, too, should bear in mind the need to observe transparency in this business." The SNSC secretary considered the result of Iran's lobbying with different countries after the IAEA Broad of Governors's September Resolution against Iran as "positive', arguing, "Different countries, including Russia, China, and South Africa agreed with Iran on its righteous stands in those talks." He added, "Even the EU has in its recent communique expressed hope for resumption of talks, and we, too, have in our official communique announced our readiness to resume talks in order to materialize our people's rights." Larijani said, "In the course of lobbying pursued so far we have noticed various countries' interest in resumption of talks, although we have heard varying opinions regarding the issue, and of course, we, too welcome resumption of negotiations aimed at materializing the Iranian nation's nuclear rights."

Focusing on results of his Tuesday talks with South African President Thabo Mbeki, Larijani said, "Iran and South Africa enjoy very friendly ties and besides nuclear issue they are engaged in cooperation in various fields, including oil, gas and industrial sectors. He added, "That is definitely a new chapter in the history of two countries relations." The SNSC secretary said, "Since the Islamic Republic of Iran is interested in having strategic ties with South Africa, I believe we can also take longer strides in that direction." Touching on his talks with the South African President on Iran's nuclear dossier, he said, "Mr. President's stands were as clear and righteous as ever before in that respect, and he once again emphasized that all IAEA member states that have signed the nuclear-NPT are entitled to have access to nuclear technology."

Larijani expressed Iran's satisfaction over President Mbeki's resolute stands in that respect, "just as before." Iran's SNSC secretary said, "South Africa's initiative for solving Iran's nuclear standoff with the West is exactly the same as ours, since Iran welcomes cooperation with any country that is competent in the field, to take part in our nuclear fuel cycle, but making the decision in that respect is naturally up to different countries and their concerns." He added, "I believe new venues are discovered for both bilateral cooperation and South Africa's broader presence in solving international crises." In response to the question whether he thought South Africa could contribute to solving the problems involved in Iran's nuclear dossier, he said, "His initiative is potentially definitely helpful, but since there is a different outlook involved in this initiative, its success would depend on others' interpretation of the set of proposals in that initiative."

Larijani was asked, "Keeping in mind the article of IAEA Board of Governors' September Resolution which asks for resuming the suspension of all nuclear activities in Iran, how high do you think the possibility of referring Iran's nuclear dossier to UN Security Council is?" He replied, "The articles of IAEA Resolution should not necessarily be interpreted in that way and the Board of Governors can keeping in mind the IAEA Secretary General's report and the framework of the NPT rules and regulations decide over the matter independently." He added, "Thus, the passed resolution does not reiterate for instance that Iran's dossier would be forwarded to the Security Council if Tehran would not take such and such steps, although some countries might interpret it that way, that is not a matter of concern, since we are prepared for encountering particular conditions." Larijani emphasized, "We are not entitled to leave making decisions over our nation's rights to others, and are obliged to stand firm regarding our stands, and I believe President Ahmadinejad's government is resolute enough to stand firm in that field."

Regarding the extent of Iran's optimism about the decisions that would be adopted at IAEA's November meeting on Iran's nuclear dossier, the SNSC secretary said, "I am somehow optimistic, but you can never pave the path at international field quite optimistically, since all possibilities have to be considered.

"Reacting to threatening mood of the US officials and their raising of possibility of a unilateral US action against Iran's nuclear faculties, he said, "I evaluate the comments made By US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, or the US Representative at UN John Bolton as phases of US psychological moves." Larijani added, "Majlis (Parliament) is preparing a law based on which Iran would refrain from signing the NPT Additional Protocol if our nuclear dossier is forwarded to the UN Security Council, or other such artificial obstacles are created for us, but of course we have suggested that the MPs should observe more lenience in this regard." He said, "In that case, the current inspections, too, would be decreased, and that is the reason why the Americans would not gain any benefit from such propagation, since we assure them we would remain quite resolute in insisting over the need to achieve the Iranian nation's natural and legal rights."