Senior Official at AEOI Urges International Community to Keep Iran Deal

Spokesman of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Behrouz Kamalvandi strongly recommended the international community "to take the best efforts to preserve a hardly-won nuclear deal from any harm and damages."
October 17, 2017

Weapon Program: 

  • Nuclear

Kamalvandi made the call in Moscow on Tuesday while addressing a seminar titled “Review of Iran-Russia 25 years of nuclear cooperation and the horizon ahead." The event was attended by Iranian and Russian officials, as well as a number of representatives from the G5+1.

The full text of his speech is as follows:

In the Name of God, the Compassionate and the Merciful
Ladies and Gentlemen

At the outset, I would like to express my gratitude and pleasure for being among the distinguished guests of such an august and timely event. Let me express my deep thanks to the organizers and the participants of this seminar.

More than two decades of cooperation between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Russian Federation on the expansion of peaceful applications of nuclear Energy has persuaded us to gather in this seminar, willing to have a review on the path, we have traveled to reach the current situation. 

As a cornerstone of our nuclear cooperation, I have to remind you of the agreement, signed on August 1992 between the I.R. of Iran and the Russian Federation “on use of Atomic Energy in Peaceful Purposes.” This document was ratified a year later by the Iranian Parliament and became an Act in Iranian domestic law.

The main elements of the scope of cooperation, which were enumerated in the first Article of the aforementioned agreement, are as follows,

  • Basic and Applied researches on Peaceful Applications of Nuclear Energy
  • Cooperation on design, construction and operation of research reactors and Nuclear Power Plants
  • Cooperation on Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Ecology
  • Industrial Production of the necessary components and materials to use in Nuclear Reactors and Nuclear Fuel Cycle
  • Scientific Applied researches on Nuclear Power Plants Safety
  • Decommissioning and Decontamination of Nuclear Power Plants and Waste Management
  • Cooperation on Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety
  • Cooperation on Radioisotope production
  • Researches on Nuclear Fusion
  • Researches on Laser Technology and its applications

As you can see this agreement has meticulously paved the necessary legal ground for a conclusive areas of peaceful nuclear cooperation between our two countries. 

The subsequent contracts were concluded in line with this agreement between Atomic Energy Organization of Iran and the Ministry of Nuclear Energy of Russia of the time on the construction of new units of the Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant as well as the completion of the first unit.

In due course a very fruitful cooperation gradually developed between Iran Nuclear Regulatory Authority and the Respective Russian Nuclear Regulatory Body as well. Despite the progress in the last 25 years, the implementation of the whole scope of the above mentioned agreement has always been affected by a series of fabricated and ambiguous concerns created by the west mainly by the United States.

In the course of a constructive interaction between Iran and P5+1, and as a result of a very long and comprehensive negotiation, all parties reached an agreement on a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, known as JCPOA, which is a major cornerstone of all our peaceful nuclear cooperation with other countries including the Russian Federation. 

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Now, I would like to draw your attention to the results of our satisfactory and expanding bilateral cooperation mainly in the last two years:

  • Successful transferring of full operational control of the first unit of the Bushehr nuclear power plant to the Iranian Operator
  • Cooperation between AEOI and State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM on the construction of two new units at Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant Site
  • Cooperation between INRA and Rostechnadzor as the regulatory authorities of both countries on safety issues
  • Cooperation between AEOI and ROSATOM on Stable Isotopes Production in Fordow in consistent with the JCPOA
  • Bilateral cooperation on Safe and Secure transportation of Nuclear and Radioactive Materials between Iran and Russia as a result of an MOU signed by H.E. Dr. Zarif the Foreign Minister of Iran and H.E. Mr. Likhachev, Director General of ROSATOM, 
  • Significant role of the Russian Federation in the implementation of JCPOA including exchange of Iran’s excess enriched materials above 300 Kg with Natural Uranium and retaining of the intermediate nuclear material produced by Iran to fabricate nuclear fuel assembly for Tehran research reactor, in the Russian territory,
  • The purchase of 38 tons of Iran’s heavy water by Russia, exchanged with Natural Uranium.

It is noteworthy to mention that in each of previously enumerated cases of cooperation the necessary documents were negotiated carefully and signed by the both sides. Moreover, I should also emphasize the importance of accurate and timely implementation of these documents.

To conclude, I would like to appreciate the considerable expansion of cooperation between our two countries in different peaceful nuclear fields. However, we need to expedite our cooperation to compensate the missed opportunities and take the best advantage of joint efforts including benefiting from talented human resources and valuable technical advancements of the two countries. 

I would also like to add that our cooperation is totally consistent with our international obligations as envisioned in the treaties such as NPT, the Safeguard agreement with IAEA and the JCPOA. Given the merit of JCPOA as an international nuclear deal, we are committed to its spirit and words as long as our interlocutors in the P5+1 are abiding by it and we strongly recommend the international community to take the best efforts to preserve this valuable achievement of a hardly-won nuclear deal from any harm and damages. 

Thank you so much for your patience and attention.