United States of America v. Behnam Shahriyari et al.

February 2, 2024

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1. The charges in this Indictment arise out of a global, long-running scheme by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran ("Iran") and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps ("IRGC") to fund the Government of Iran and the IRGC through black-market sales of Iranian crude oil and other petroleum products produced by the National Iranian Oil Company (''NIOC"). The buyers in these IRGC-orchestrated black-market oil deals include entities in the People's Republic of China (''China'') and the Russian Federation ("Russia''), and the Bashar al Assad regime in Syria, which has operated through and been facilitated by sanctioned arms of the Syrian Government, including the Central Bank of Syria, the Syrian Petroleum Marketing Department ("SYTROL"), and the Banias Refinery Company.