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Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran
The report before you on the implementation of Agency safeguards in the Islamic Republic of Iran provides an update since my last report of 31 August.
In July, the Security Council adopted resolution 1696, in which it, inter alia, called upon Iran to take the steps required by the Board in the resolution it adopted in February of this year. These steps included the necessity of the IAEA continuing its work to clarify all outstanding issues relating to IranÂ´s nuclear programme, and the re-establishment by Iran of full and sustained suspension of all its enrichment related and reprocessing activities.
The report before you makes clear that Iran has not suspended its enrichment related activities. In addition, the IAEA has not been able to make any further progress on resolving the outstanding issues. This is due to the decision by Iran to limit its cooperation with the Agency to the implementation of the safeguards agreement, and to link any further cooperation - particularly the needed transparency measures - to the on-going consideration of IranÂ´s nuclear programme by the Security Council. The IAEA is therefore unable to move forward in its efforts to confirm the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities in Iran. This naturally continues to be a matter of serious concern.
I should note again that although the transparency measures needed for the Agency to resolve outstanding issues may go beyond the legal requirements of the safeguards agreement, they are nonetheless a prerequisite for the Agency to reconstruct two decades of undeclared activities by Iran, and thereby to be able to provide assurance about the peaceful nature of IranÂ´s nuclear activities. This is a special situation created by Iran. It requires special transparency measures. I therefore urge Iran once more to provide the additional cooperation and the necessary transparency that are needed for the Agency to fulfil its mandate.
To that end I should inform you that I have received in recent days communications from Iran, in which it agreed to an Agency request to take further environmental samples from the equipment already sampled at a technical university. It also agreed to provide access to the operating records of the Pilot Fuel Enrichment Plant. These are steps in the right direction.
The earlier Iran takes the remaining transparency measures and addresses the outstanding issues, the earlier the Agency would be in a position to provide the needed assurances - assurances that are key to restoring international confidence regarding the scope and nature of IranÂ´s nuclear programme.
I am still hopeful that, through dialogue between Iran and its partners, conditions will be created to achieve a comprehensive solution that addresses the respective concerns of all parties.
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