Since its appointment on 5 May 2014, the Panel of Experts on Yemen has established working relationships and protocols with a broad range of stakeholders, and has undertaken a number of visits to Yemen, the member countries of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC) and a select number of additional Member States. As a result of its investigative work, the Panel presented the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 2140 (2014) with four statements of case on individuals who, in the Panel’s assessment, met the criteria for designation as subject to the targeted sanctions, for the Committee ’s consideration.
56. The regional role of the Islamic Republic of Iran and its impact on Yemeni politics cannot be discounted. Its strategic engagement with Yemen is often evaluated in the context of its historical relationship with Zaydi communities and the Sunni-dominated GCC countries. The recent release of Iranian prisoners after the Houthi control of Sana’a indicates the depth of the relationship. 18 In addition, there is increased international concern over the growing influence of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the Gulf of Aden.