The final report of the Panel of Experts on Yemen established pursuant to Security Council resolution 2140 (2014) and extended pursuant to resolution 2204 (2015) provides an analysis of the implementation of the sanctions measures imposed under resolution 2140 (2014), comprising the asset freeze and the travel ban, and the targeted arms embargo imposed under resolution 2216 (2015) for the period since its appointment on 7 April 2015 until the date of the present report. It also provides an outline of the Panel’s findings and presents 15 recommendations to the Security Council and the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 2140 (2014) to improve the implementation of the relevant measures.
The Panel has noted a pattern of diversion of weapons and military support by regular units of the Yemeni army to Houthi-Saleh forces acting on behalf and under the direction of individuals designated by the Committee for being in violation of resolution 2216 (2015): Abdulmalik al-Houthi (YEi.004) and Ali Abdullah Saleh.
The Panel has observed that the supply of weapons to resistance forces by the coalition without due measures being taken to ensure accountability is also contributing to a destabilizing accumulation of arms in Yemen. The Panel believes that well-established arms smuggling networks predating the outbreak of the current conflict have continued to operate in 2015, exploiting opportunities created by the disbanding of military units and the proliferation of armed groups and militias.
The Panel is investigating a case of a potential transfer of anti-tank guided missiles to Houthi-Saleh forces following the seizure, on 25 September, of an arms shipment on a dhow off the coast of Oman. The Panel inspected the missiles and associated equipment, currently in United States custody, and noted that they originated from the Islamic Republic of Iran and had characteristics similar to those that began to be seen in the media in August in possession of the Houthis.