On 12 June 2009, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 1874 (2009), in which it requested the Secretary-General to establish a Panel of Experts mandated to gather, examine and analyse information regarding the implementation of the measures imposed by the Council in its resolutions 1718 (2006) and 1874 (2009), in particular incidents of non-compliance; make recommendations on actions that the Council, the Committee or Member States may consider to improve implementation of those measures; and assist the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1718 (2006) in carrying out its functions.
The measures imposed by resolution 1718 (2006) and strengthened by resolution 1874 (2009) include (a) a ban on the provision to and the procurement from the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea of nuclear-related, other weapons of mass destruction-related and ballistic missile-related items as well as all arms and related materiel, except for small arms and light weapons and their related materiel provided to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea; (b) a ban on the transfer to or from the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea of services and assistance related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance or use of the proscribed items; and (c) a ban on the provision of luxury goods to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
Resolution 1874 (2009) also introduced a strong interdiction system, which calls upon all Member States to inspect all cargo to and from the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in their territory and to inspect vessels, with the consent of the flag State, on the high seas, if the Member State concerned has information that provides reasonable grounds to believe that the cargo contains proscribed items. A Member State discovering such items is required to seize and dispose of them. The inspecting Member State is also required to submit a detailed report on such cases to the Committee.
No official allegations have been presented to the Committee since the adoption of resolution 1718 (2006) concerning the provision of proscribed nuclear-related or ballistic missile-related items, technology or know-how to or from the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Nevertheless, the Panel of Experts has reviewed several government assessments, reports of the International Atomic Energy Agency, research papers and media reports indicating continuing involvement of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in nuclear and ballistic missile-related activities in certain countries, including the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Syrian Arab Republic and Myanmar. The Panel of Experts believes that special attention should be given by all Member States to inhibit such activities. Further study of these suspected activities by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea should be conducted for a more thorough understanding of the facts.