Fourteenth Report of the Secretary-General on the Implementation of Security Council Resolution 2231 (2015)

December 12, 2022

I. Introduction

1. The conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action by China, France, Germany, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United States of America and the European Union with the Islamic Republic of Iran, on 14 July 2015, and its endorsement by the Security Council in its resolution 2231 (2015), on 20 July 2015, demonstrated a unity of purpose among participants for achieving the shared objectives of non-proliferation and regional security, in a manner that delivers tangible economic benefits for the Iranian people. My belief that the Plan is the best available option for achieving these objectives remains unchanged.

2. It is therefore extremely concerning that, notwithstanding tireless and repeated efforts to resolve the remaining differences, the diplomatic engagements in and around the Joint Commission have not yet resulted in the return of the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran to full and effective implementation of the Plan and the resolution. I am grateful for the efforts made by all participants in the Plan and by the United States since talks resumed in November 2021 and strongly urge them to recommit themselves to its restoration without further delay. The successful conclusion of these diplomatic engagements is essential for restoring the confidence of the international community in the ability of the Plan to ensure the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear programme.