1. On 20 July 2015, the Security Council, in its resolution 2231 (2015), endorsed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action concluded by China, France, Germany, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United States of America and the European Union, with the Islamic Republic of Iran.
2. In the same resolution, the Security Council requested that I submit a report on the provisions contained in annex B to resolution 2231 (2015) every six months. The present report is the second submitted in fulfilment of that request and the request of the President of the Security Council that I submit a report on the implementation of resolution 2231 (2015), with findings and recommendations (S/2016/44, para. 7).1
3. The provisions of annex B to resolution 2231 (2015) entered into force on 16 January 2016, upon submission by the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) of a report confirming that the Islamic Republic of Iran had taken a series of initial nuclear-related actions as called for in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action and in resolution 2231 (2015) (S/2016/57, annex).
4. Annex B includes provisions applicable to nuclear-related transfers, ballistic missile-related transfers, and arms-related transfers to or from the Islamic Republic of Iran, as well as the asset freeze and travel ban provisions. All those provisions will apply for set periods of time or until the date on which IAEA submits its report indicating the broader conclusion that all nuclear material in the Islamic Republic of Iran remains in peaceful activities (the “broader conclusion” report),2 whichever is earlier
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