The United Nations nuclear watchdog and Iran are again on a collision course, as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) seeks answers from Tehran on three sites in the country where undeclared nuclear weapons research is suspected to have occurred in recent decades. Soil samples taken recently by the IAEA at the sites have shown traces of man-made uranium, an indication that illicit atomic weapons research occurred at these locations.
This standoff presents both a challenge and an opportunity for President Joe Biden as he seeks to revive, strengthen, and expand the nuclear agreement, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), that the Obama administration negotiated with Iran in 2015. Donald Trump unilaterally pulled the United States out of the deal nearly three years ago and ushered in a policy of “maximum pressure,” which used economic sanctions and military strikes to try and isolate Tehran.
Read the rest of the op-ed at The National Interest.