New Information about Iran’s Production of Uranium Hexafluoride under the Amad Plan

April 2, 2020

Weapon Program: 

  • Nuclear


David Albright and Sarah Burkhard


Institute for Science and International Security

The Iran Nuclear Archive contains new information about Iran’s secret efforts in the early 2000s to make uranium hexafluoride (UF6) for its nuclear weapons program, codenamed the “Amad Plan.” Figure 1 shows a simplified schematic representing the Amad Plan’s pathway to build five nuclear weapons and an underground nuclear test site, focusing on its main tasks, with uranium hexafluoride production highlighted.

“Project 5” of the Amad Plan had responsibility for ensuring the supply of UF6, the essential feedstock for the military Al Ghadir enrichment plant, a plant slated to make weapon-grade uranium for use in nuclear weapons, known today as the Fordow Enrichment Plant. In general, Project 5 was in charge of uranium mining, milling, and conversion for the nuclear weapons program, operating in parallel, albeit connected partially and indirectly, with the much larger, more open Atomic Energy Organization of Iran’s (AEOI’s) uranium mining and conversion efforts, those activities largely concentrated at the Saghand uranium mine, the Ardakan uranium mill, and the Esfahan uranium conversion facilities.

Read the full report at the Institute for Science and International Security.