Also Known As:
State Scientific Research Institute of Graphite (NII Grafit)
Gosudarstvennyy NII Konstruktsionnykh Materialov na Osnove Grafita
State Research Institute of Constructional Materials Graphite (NIIGRAFIT)
Grafit Research Institute
The Graphite State Research Institute 'NII Grafit'
2 Ulitsa Elektrodnaya, Moscow 111524
Electrodnaya Street 2, Moscow, 111524
7-095-176-1306, (095) 176-3621, 007-95-176-1306 (Director), 007-95-176-3621 (Scientific and Technical Information)
Fax 007-95-176-1263, (095) 176-12-63
Federal State Unitary Enterprise listed in the context of assistance to Iran's missile program in a July 2005 early warning document distributed by the German government to industry; sanctioned by the U.S. Department of the Treasury in February 1999 for materially contributing, or attempting to contribute, to a foreign country's effort to acquire, produce and/or deliver weapons of mass destruction; sanctioned by the U.S. Department of State on July 30, 1998 for engaging in proliferation activities related to Iran's missile programs; the U.S. Department of the Treasury and U.S. Department of State sanctions were lifted on April 1, 2004.
One of Russia's leading facilities for applied research and development of graphite-based materials for military and space use; develops and produces a wide range of carbon-based materials for various industries aerospace engineering, metallurgy, machine building, chemical and petrochemical, electronics, power engineering, medicine and others; development of composites used in the brake systems in military aircraft, and in the brakes, leading edges, and nosecone of the Buran space shuttle; participates in the safety upgrade process for operational, dual-purpose graphite reactors (used for power generation and production of plutonium), led by State Unitary Enterprise I.I. Afrikantov OKB Mechanical Engineering; development of graphite-based materials for laser mirrors and for static elements in gas turbine engines.
Possesses 40 research laboratories and a pilot production plant; development of carbon and graphite fibers, carbon-carbon, ceramic matrix, metal matrix and polymeric matrix composites, and electrodes for electrolytic production of non-ferrous metals.
Reportedly attempted to ship materials used to coat ballistic missile warheads to Iran, but the shipment was intercepted in Austria; established in 1960.