- The context for the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action and Security Council resolution 2231 (2015) has evolved considerably in the past six months. The United States rejoining the Plan, after having withdrawn from it in May 2018, would be a welcome development. In that regard, I take note of the letter dated 18 February addressed to the President of the Security Council from the Chargé d’affaires a.i. of the United States Mission to the United Nations (S/2021/158), in which the United States affirmed its view that the measures contained in paragraphs 7, 8 and 16 to 20 of resolution 2231 (2015) remained in effect and that the provisions of resolutions 1696 (2006), 1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008), 1835 (2008) and 1929 (2010) that had been terminated by resolution 2231 (2015) remained terminated. I also take note of the letter from the Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran (S/2021/183) in response to the above-mentioned letter from the United States, and its letter dated 3 June 2021 (A/75/914-S/2021/538).
- I am encouraged by the recent diplomatic engagements taking place in and around the Joint Commission since April 2021 on the landmark agreement. They offer an opportunity for the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran to return to the full and effective implementation of the Plan and resolution 2231 (2015). I appeal to the United States to lift or waive its sanctions outlined in the Plan, extend the waivers with regard to the trade in oil with the Islamic Republic of Iran, and fully renew waivers for nuclear non-proliferation projects in the framework of the Plan. These are needed steps to facilitate the full and proper implementation of the Plan and resolution 2231 (2015), as well as to enable the Iranian people to secure tangible benefits from the Plan.