Also Known As:
Iran's Pars Terash Company
Rah Avard Kalaey Iran Company
Pars Tarash Co.
33 Fifteenth (15th) Street, Seyed-Jamal-Eddin-Assad Abadi Avenue, Tehran
Involved in Iran's centrifuge program.
Listed in an annex to U.N. Security Council resolution 1737 of December 23, 2006, as an entity involved in Iran's proliferation-sensitive nuclear activities, including Iran's centrifuge program; removed from the U.N. list in January 2016 by U.N. Security Council resolution 2231.
Listed by the European Union on April 19, 2007 pursuant to U.N. Security Council resolution 1737, as an entity involved in Iran’s nuclear program; removed from the E.U. list in January 2016 as part of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
Added to the Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) list maintained by the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) on June 8, 2007, pursuant to Executive Order 13382, which targets proliferators of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their delivery systems; removed from the SDN list in January 2016 as part of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action; described by the U.S. Treasury Department as an entity that is "owned or controlled by" or acts or purports to act "for or on behalf of" the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) and/or the Kalaye Electric Company, a subsidiary of AEOI.
Listed by the Japanese government in 2015 as an entity of concern for proliferation related to nuclear weapons; listed by the British government in 2015 as an entity of potential concern for WMD-related procurement.
Existence disclosed to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in October 2003 and revealed as a subsidiary of Kalaye Electric Company in January 2004; allegedly the location to which the AEOI moved P2 centrifuge equipment after June 2003; this equipment included seven domestically manufactured sub-critical carbon composite rotors as well as bearings, oils and magnets procured from foreign suppliers; the location at which the AEOI stored and concealed P1 centrifuge equipment from the Kalaye Electric Company from the spring of 2003 to October 2003, when the equipment was presented to the IAEA at Natanz.
Site where particles of low enriched uranium and high enriched uranium were found by the IAEA; samples taken by the IAEA from imported centrifuge components stored at Pars Trash revealed high enriched uranium contamination of up to 70% U-235, with almost no depleted uranium; Iranian authorities attribute the presence of enriched uranium particles to contamination from imported P-1 centrifuge components; samples collected by the IAEA at a location where the components were stored prior to their arrival in Iran did not indicate any trace of nuclear material; however, samples collected by the IAEA from centrifuge components provided by another state, reportedly Pakistan, support Iran's contention that most of the high enriched uranium contamination found in Iran is of foreign origin.
In June 2004, Iran informed the IAEA of plans to resume centrifuge component manufacturing, assembly and testing, which required the removal of IAEA seals at three sites, including Pars Trash; Iran returned the seals to the IAEA in July 2004; Iran struck a deal with Europe in November 2004 to reinstate its freeze on all enrichment related activity; in January 2006, Iran informed the IAEA of plans to resume uranium enrichment-related activities and requested the removal of seals at three sites, including Pars Trash; these seals covered P1 centrifuge components, maraging steel, high strength aluminum and centrifuge quality control and manufacturing equipment; on January 10 and 11, Iran removed these seals in the presence of IAEA inspectors.
Reportedly, had been headed by Morteza Behdad (aka Morteza Behzad); according to the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI), Pars Trash changed its name to Rah Avard Kalaey Iran Company after being inspected by the IAEA; according to the NCRI, this company manufactures parts of advanced P-2 centrifuges; according to the NCRI, this company is headed by Agha Zadeh (Reza Aghazadeh, who is also Head of the AEOI); according to the NCRI, the head of the Board of Directors is Mohammad Hassan Allah Dad; according to the NCRI, the other members of the Board of Directors are Abdollah Joudat and Hossein Akhgari; according to the NCRI, Mostafa Rouhi-pour is the Chief Inspector and Ali-Akbar Amini Parizi is the Alternate Inspector; according to the NCRI, one of the company's plants is located on Damavand Road.