Iran has reportedly transferred "tens" of short-range ballistic missiles to Shi'ite proxies in Iraq and is helping these groups develop the capacity to produce more. The missiles transferred allegedly include the Zelzal, Fateh-110, and Zolfaqar, which have ranges of between 200-700 kilometers, along with missile launchers. Factories in Iraq being used for missile development are located in al-Zafaraniya, Jurf al-Sakhar, and Iraqi Kurdistan. The al-Zafaraniya factory was used by Saddam Hussein to produce warheads and ceramic missile molds. The site at Jurf al-Sakhar has been used for missile testing. Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) Quds Force Commander Qassem Soleimani is overseeing the program.