Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industries (HESA)

Also Known As: 

Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Company (IAMCO)
Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industries Company
Sanaye Havapaymai
Karkhanejate Sanaye Havapaymaie Iran
Hava Peyma Sazi-e Iran

Weapon Program: 

  • Missile
  • Military


Sepahbod Gharani Avenue 107, Tehran


98 (311) 2222028


98 (311) 22214219



An Iranian company specializing in military and civilian aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs); a subsidiary of the Iran Aviation Industries Organization (IAIO), a state-owned enterprise subordinate to the Iranian Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics (MODAFL); according to the U.S. Department of the Treasury, has provided support to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC).

Manufactures UAVs used by the IRGC; according to the U.S. Department of the Treasury, involved in research on, development of, production of, and flight operations for UAVs; has used its facilities for inspection, maintenance, repair, research, development, and manufacturing of military and civilian aircraft and related military logistics systems.

According to the U.S. Department of the Treasury, has manufactured variants of the Ababil series of UAVs used by the IRGC; according to a U.N. Panel of Experts, manufactures the Ababil-T UAV and likely manufactures the Qasef-1 UAV used by Houthi rebels in Yemen; reportedly designed and manufactures the Fotros, Hamaseh, and Shahed 129 UAVs; reportedly produces the Ababil 3 and Karrar UAVs; has reportedly worked on developing the Ababil-S UAV; reportedly began production of the Ababil 1 UAV in 1986.

Has produced the IR.AN-140 aircraft, the SHAHED-278 helicopter, and the Sanjaghak light airplane; has reportedly worked on a maritime patrol and tactical transport variant of the IR.AN-140 passenger/cargo aircraft for the Iranian Navy; has reportedly been responsible for manufacturing reverse-engineered components for U.S. fighter aircraft in service in Iran, including the F-4 Phantom, the F-5 Tiger II, and the F-14 Tomcat.

In 2017, allegedly contacted a helicopter broker in China about purchasing helicopters and an electronic system for a piloting turret with night vision, a camera, a laser rangefinder, thermal imaging, and a multi-function liquid-crystal display (LCD); between July 2016 and August 2019, allegedly worked with Indonesia-based firm PT. Alstevia Dirga Deraya, Iran-based firm Sepehr Ghoghnoos Kish Company, Malaysia-based firm HRM Enterprise SDN BHD, Indonesian nationals Alfrets Kaunang and Arnold Kaunang, and Iranian nationals Mohsen Faghihi and Sahebali Moulaei to obtain U.S.-origin aviation components via transshipment through Singapore to Iran without acquiring the requisite permissions from U.S. government agencies.

Between August 2007 and March 2008, allegedly worked with Ariasa AG, Mac Aviation Group, Hossein Ali Khoshnevisrad, and Irish nationals Sean McGuinn and Thomas McGuinn to obtain five U.S.-origin Rolls-Royce model 250-C20R/2S engines and six U.S.-origin Rolls-Royce model 250-C20B engines via transshipment through Malaysia; between June 2005 and April 2006, allegedly worked with Mac Aviation Group, Sean McGuinn, Thomas McGuinn, and Bank Sepah to obtain three U.S.-origin F-5 forward canopy panels via transshipment through Malaysia; in 2006, worked with Aviation Services International B.V., Niels Kraaipoel, and Robert Kraaipoel to obtain U.S.-origin goods.

Subsidiaries have included Farasakht Industries.

According to the U.S. Department of the Treasury, has procured UAV engines through the Iran-based firm Oje Parvaz Mado Nafar Company and its managing director, Yousef Aboutalebi; has received services from Bank Refah Kargaran, Ebtekar Sanat Ilya LLC, and Sazeh Morakab; has received engineering and repair services from Pars Aviation Services Company (PASC); has reportedly employed Rayan Roshd Afzar as a subcontractor.

Company officials have included Mehdi Gogerdchian (member of the board of directors and managing director), Hamidreza Noori (vice chairman of the board of directors and managing director), and Husayn A'ini (director of UAV manufacturing).

Established in 1964 as the Iran Helicopter Company.


Listed by the European Union on July 26, 2010, as an entity linked to Iran's proliferation-sensitive nuclear activities or Iran's development of nuclear weapon delivery systems; with some exceptions, E.U. member states must freeze assets owned or controlled by the entity, directly or indirectly, and prevent assets from being made available to it.

Added on September 17, 2008, to the Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) list maintained by the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), freezing its assets under U.S. jurisdiction and prohibiting transactions with U.S. parties, pursuant to Executive Order 13382, which targets proliferators of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their delivery systems; also designated by the U.S. Department of State on October 18, 2023, pursuant to Executive Order 13949, which targets transfers to and from Iran of conventional arms and related materiel; foreign parties facilitating transactions for the entity or otherwise assisting the entity may be subject to U.S. sanctions; also subject to the Iranian Financial Sanctions Regulations; foreign financial institutions facilitating transactions for the entity may be prohibited from opening or maintaining correspondent or payable-through accounts in the United States.

Sanctioned by the governments of Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom, restricting business and financial transactions with the entity and/or freezing its assets in those countries.

Listed by the Japanese government in 2023 as an entity of concern for proliferation relating to missiles and nuclear weapons.

Listed by the British government in 2015 as an entity of potential concern for WMD-related procurement, but removed in 2017 after the U.K. withdrew its Iran list.

Mentioned Suspect Entities & Suppliers: 

Date Entered: 

January 26, 2004

Date Last Modified: 

February 26, 2024